Shawl or scarf of embroidered cashmere (pashm), Kashmir, ca. 1780
Shawl (Lungi) of white cashmere (pashm) embroidered in threads of coloured goat's wool. The sides are protected with narrow borders of loom-woven pashmina. Each end is embroidered with the same pattern. It consists of repetitions in horizontal rows of delicate spray of pink flowers over an arcade and flower border. Floral sprays frame the centre, and in which each angle has a single floral cone.
Shawls were woven entirely by hand. Each colour of yarn was wound on a small bobbin and manipulated backwards and forwards through the fixed warp(lengthwise) threads to build up the design. Where the different colour areas met, the two yarns were interlocked, producing a characteristic ridge on the back of the fabric. The process of weaving a large shawl, often with a highly complex design, was slow, specialised, laborious work, taking anything from eighteen months to three years to complete.
Given by Miss M.K. Lawrence
Location: In Storage