William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

ca. 1750 (made)

Cheere, Henry (Sir, Bt)

Height: 70.8 cm with base, Height: 63.2 cm

A.19-1921 SCP

Bust, lead, Dr. William Henry Salmon of Holcombe, probably after a model by Sir Henry Cheere, cast perhaps by John Cheere, English, ca. 1750

Bust of Dr. William Henry Salmon wearing a turban-like hat with a tassel. His pleated shirt, open at the neck and worn under an embroidered coat, is visible under his cloak.

This lead portrait bust representing Dr William Henry Salmon is probably based on a model by Henry Cheere, and perhaps cast in lead by his brother John, who specialised in lead sculpture. It was one of a pair, made along with the companion lead bust of his wife Mary Salmon. The sitters were not aristocrats, and the fact that they (or possibly members of their family) commissioned portraits of them of this sort indicates the sculpture's popularity among the professional classes at mid-century. The busts of Dr and Mrs Salmon were probably made to be displayed in their own home, perhaps on a chimneypiece. No other copies of this bust are known, although lead was a reproductive material, and this piece would have been cast from a mould. Materials & Making Lead sculptures were cast from models probably of clay or terracotta (literally 'baked clay'). A mould would have been made from the sculptor's original clay or terracotta model, and lead versions were then cast from it. Lead is a soft and malleable metal, and the subtlety of the original modelling in the clay is seen clearly in the surface here, especially in the lace bodice. Since lead was a relatively cheap material, such a bust was less costly than a carved marble one would have been. Henry Cheere (1703-1781) is likely to have been the sculptor, both because the socle (the small integral base on which the bust stands) replicates one at Belton House, Lincolnshire, known to be by him, and because his brother, John Cheere (1709-1787), produced many sculptures in lead, and could well have been involved in the production of this piece.

Purchased together with its pendant, cat.no. 88 from the Rev. J.D.C. Wickham, 8 Lansdown Place East, Bath in 1921 for £170. Rev. Wickham was a descendant of the sitter. Formerly ascribed to Roubiliac.

Location: In Storage

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