Linnaean Tercentenary Medal; Tercentenary of the Linnean Society; Tercentenary of the Linnean Society

2007 (made) 2007 (made)

Powell, Felicity

[Document] Height: 210 mm, Width: 148 mm [Medal] Diameter: 74 mm

A.2:1, 2-2009 SCP

Medal, struck bronze, commemorating the Linnean Society tercentenary, by Felicity Powell, British, 2007

Circular bronze medal and paper document. [Document] A5 Document headed with the Linnean Society crest, bearing artist's statement on the Society's tercentenary medal [Medal] Circular bronze medal. Obverse depicts portrait head of Linnaeus, with spiral of natural forms encircling it. Reverse depicts naked female figure of Andromeda chained to rock, threatened by a dragon. On plot of ground adjacent a seeding plant and lizard.

The design of one side of this medal is modelled on a drawing from the Swedish naturalist Carl Linneas' 'Systema Naturae', 1735, in which he outlined his system for classification of plants and animals. That on the other side is based on a drawing of 1732 by Linneas of the plant Andromeda glaucophylla, likened to the maiden Andromeda of Greek mythology who was chained to a rock before being rescued by the hero Perseus.

Commissioned by the Linnean Society of London from Felicity Powell to mark the tercentenary of the birth of Carl Linnaeus in 2007. Historical significance: Linnaeus developed a system of description, naming and classification of all living things, plants and animals, with a binomial nomenclature, whereby each living thing has a genus and a species name. In 1735, Linnaeus published Systema Naturae, his classification of plants based on their sexual parts followed by Fundamenta Botanica (1736) and Classes Plantarum (1738). Linnaeus likewise introduced a nomenclature for species for animals, in his Systema Naturae 10th edition, volume 1(1758). The obverse of the medal presents Linnaeus' drawing of Andromeda from the expedition in Lapland he headed in 1732, and during which he discovered a hundred botanical species. The reverse is modelled on Ehret's original illustration for Linnaeus' Systema Naturae. It shows Linnaeus' system of using the flower and the arrangement of its sexual organs (stamens and pistils) to group plants into twenty-four classes. The twenty-four classes are arranged in a spiral, coming out of a profile of Linnaeus. Given together with A.2:2-2009, by Glenn Benson.

Given by Glenn Benson

Location: In Storage

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